THE WORLDWIDE RAIL TRANSPORT SECTOR
RAIL TRANSPORT, A GROWING SECTOR
A broad variety of urban rail transport projects exist throughout the world.
RAIL TRANSPORT, A GROWING SECTOR
Le transport ferroviaire permet d’assurer une mobilité, accessible à tout le monde, dans le but de garantir l’unicité de la nation.
Pour ce faire, il faut qu’il soit peu onéreux et donc le plus souvent garanti par le service public
Rail transport provides mobility, is accessible to everyone and ensures the nation remains united. To this end, it must not be expensive and therefore falls most often under the public service sector. The organization of a railway system is subject to stringent technical constraints. It requires a specific infrastructure and significant investments.
> IN TERMS OF INVESTMENT :
– Europe and North America are working towards improving and at times renovating existing infrastructures. However, Asia and South America are designing new systems for their cities in light of their rapid demographic growth. Africa is also attempting to acquire modern railway system technology, however the political instability of a large portion of the continent, as well as a lack of funds, make these projects difficult to realize.
– Furthermore, the organization, management, design and construction of subway lines depend on many different worldwide players depending on the country. In fact, certain systems are managed by an operator who has also built and designed the lines, while in other cases, each portion of the project and the final infrastructure were entrusted to distinct players under the supervision of the final operator, who is most often the originator.
> In terms of railway safety, Europe seems to want to harmonize its standards in order to make them more understandable and most of all encourage companies to do business in this sector.
– In France, for example, operators and originators are not necessary different parties. The RATP, for example, designs and operates the Paris subway system. However, two major manufacturers compete for most worldwide projects: the French company, Alstom, and the German company, Siemens. Siemens has been awarded numerous contracts in Asia, in particular thanks to the magnetic train technology that is highly favored in China and Japan. Alstom prefers to optimize its “traditional” subway on rails.
– It is therefore important for us to focus our communication on operators, as they are the ones who define the specifications for a project and are looking at various solutions to meet the specific needs of their systems, but also manufacturers who often decide to subcontract a portion of the project to specialized companies.
> In terms of geography, foreign markets with high potential are obviously Asia, with many projects in progress (Shanghai, Peking, Seoul…), but also South America (in particular, Brazil) and Central America (Mexico).
> Finally, the subway systems in Europe are aging and it is interesting to participate in their improvement in terms of profitability, but also safety, due to the increase in use of transportation directly related to demographic growth.
For this reason, expertise on the management of user flows is increasingly important for a system that often cannot be readily extended in terms of accommodation on platforms and will probably require a significant optimization of the rate of train arrivals and departures and fault-free active safety systems for users designed by specialists in operational safety.